Each gland or sac opens into the anal area through a small duct. Unfortunately, the anal sacs can, on occasion, cause a variety of serious and painful problems. The exact function of the anal glands is often disputed and scientists still do not know why the sacs are there at all or why they sometimes cause problems. Some experts believe that they lubricate the passage of bowel movements. Others think they are involved in sex determination — that the odor secreted by these glands enables a dog to determine the sex of another dog upon meeting. Dogs usually meet one another by smelling the anal sac area; this has led to the assumption that pheromones hormones that stimulate the social and sexual behavior of animals of the same species released from the sacs play an important role in communication.
Anal sac disorder in dogs
Anal Glands and Recognizing Problems | Shallowford Animal Hospital
Call us: Become a free Member. Poodle Anal Glands. Overview For first time dog owners, especially, there is a lot of confusion regarding Poodle anal glands. If an issue occurs with the glands it can often be mistaken for something else
Anal gland impaction
Each sac is connected by a tiny duct to an opening just inside the anus. The walls of the anal sacs are lined with numerous specialised sebaceous sweat glands that secrete a smelly, oily, brown fluid that is stored in the anal sacs. Some of these smelly yellow-brown secretions are released through the ducts when the dog defecates. In addition to their role as scent glands, the anal sacs assist with the regulation of stool consistency and the elimination of toxins. Anal sac disease is the most common disorder of the anal region in dogs.
Sebaceous glands produce a liquid substance that has a foul, fishy odor which is yellow to tan in color and exists as means of identification and territory marking. Normally, the liquid secretions are expressed when a dog defecates. The pressure of the firm feces allows the glands to complete empty.